Pregnancy can directly affect the health of your gums. Changes to your hormone levels during pregnancy can make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria present on the teeth. This can cause the gums to become inflamed where they can appear swollen and bleed more easily than if you were not pregnant.
Research has shown that severe gum disease (periodontal disease) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as suffering from pre-eclampsia, giving birth prematurely, or giving birth to an underweight child.
A benign soft tissue growth called a pyogenic granuloma may develop during pregnancy. Most commonly it occurs in the second or third trimester and is often referred to as a ‘pregnancy tumour’. The lesion most commonly develops from the gum tissue between the teeth and is full of blood vessels making it bright red in colour. The growth may disappear on its own once you are no longer pregnant, alternately a dental professional can remove it.